Ever since its launch in 2015, Ethereum has been touted as a decentralized platform that could potentially upend the entire financial system. And while it has made significant progress in this regard, there are still some centralization concerns that need to be addressed.
One of the biggest problems with Ethereum is that its consensus algorithm, called Proof of Work (PoW), is vulnerable to 51% attacks. This means that if a group of miners control more than 51% of the network’s hashing power, they could theoretically manipulate the blockchain and double-spend coins.
While no such attack has occurred on Ethereum yet, it’s still a risk that needs to be considered. There are also other centralization risks associated with Ethereum, such as the fact that a small number of entities control a large percentage of its tokens.
Ethereum Foundation, for example, controls about 12% of all ETH tokens. And while it has pledged to use these tokens for the development of the Ethereum network, there’s no guarantee that it will continue to do so in the future.
There’s also the risk that major corporations will eventually gain control over Ethereum if they continue to invest heavily in its development. While this may not be an issue now, it could become a problem down the line if these companies decide to use their power to centrally control the network.
So far, Ethereum has been able to avoid many of these centralization risks due to its strong community and decentralized governance model. However, it’s still important to keep an eye on these risks and make sure that they don’t become a problem in the future.
Only time will tell if Ethereum will be able to remain decentralized or if it will eventually succumb to centralization pressures.